Biker Blog » Describing Lady Justice

July 16th, 2015

Lustitia or Justitia is the Roman goddess of justice. Her Greek twin is called Themis (Θέμις) whose name literally means divine law. Both figures serve as allegories for the moral force of the justice system. It should surprise no one to learn that America’s culture ascends from the Greeks and Romans and lady justice is no exception.

Θέμις

Themis is depicted as a tall proud woman holding a scale in her left hand and a sword in her right. Her sword represents the divine punishment of the law to promote civil peace or pax romana. Her sword is double sided of course, symbolizing the equal retribution of reason and justice for the plaintiff and defendant. Her scale also symbolizes the balancing act of the court which measures the strength and weaknesses of the defense and plaintiffs arguments.

Blind Justice

Sometime around the 15th century a change for the better occurred. Lady Justice was depicted wearing a blind fold. Legendary sculpture Hans Gieng foresaw John Rawl’s veil of ignorance five hundred years before his legendary work, A Theory of Justice. Gieng blindfolded Themis in order to create an ideal symbol of justice that could not see color, age, race, wealth, status, public image, and ect.

Modern Themis

Lady Justice is depicted with a blind fold in American courtrooms. Everything else remains the same. This generally holds true when dealing with the difference between the American justice system and the Ancient justice system. The Greeks and Latins did not look beyond race, color, age, or social status. Justice was really only accessible for the equestrian order. But, we seek a better tomorrow and brighter today, and thus, in order for justice to be justice it must be blind.

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